Multi-factor authentication describes the necessity for using more than 1 token as a proof of identity. As an example, when a user logs on to to a digital platform the basic means of authentication are user name and password. 

In addition to the password (single authentication), the user can be asked for a physical token (RFID-key, ID-card, ...). This can also be a mobile phone, an authenticator app token, a SecurID or Digipass token, or biometric (fingerprint, facial recognition, ...) elements.

In security terminology this related to the concept on assuring someone's identity by something the user knows (password) and something he/she has (physical token). Additional layers can be built into this concept in order to further improve and strenghten the security levels. 

When proving someone's identity at the front gate on the basis of an ID-card, Driver License or verifiable photo-ID, it can be enhanced with a log into the system that the person has reached the premise. With his personal RFID-token, he will be able to access his office. Meanwhile video surveillance camera's might have identified him in the building. Finally when logging on to his system on the network, he can be asked for an authentication code coming from his company mobile phone. 

These additional levels of authentication harden the security and can be continuously expanded, depending on the security levels required. 


Associated projects

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Description Data across the (multi-sided) company internal value chain is integrated by the IIMS with optimisation and modelling tools for resource management including innovative, multi-level, real-time
  Big data mining and analytics tools II Result description The Task 5.1 Multi-Level and Cross-Domain Big Data Analysis and Management can be split into two parts.
  Connectors for Inter-factory Interoperability and Logistics II Result comments tenders and bidding Cybersecurity The Security Framework together with the Blockchain layer is strongly interlaced with the COMPOSITION ecosystem, providing all the necessary security features as authentication
  AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Taxon title AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Search keywords Authentication
  Supply chain and value network efficiency Taxon description Over the next decade, for a wide range of complex products, the holistic optimization of performance will push towards new multi-material and multi-functional solutions.
  Innovation Comments Collaboration among multi-disciplinary companies will be possible in the ecosystem.
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  Periodic Reporting for period 1 - DIGICOR (Decentralised Agile Coordination Across Supply Chains) Result description To develop an infrastructure allowing direct interconnection of distributed information systems of all supply chain members by semantic-based authentication / authorization approaches.
  AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Taxon title AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Search keywords Authentication
  Supply chain and value network efficiency Taxon description Over the next decade, for a wide range of complex products, the holistic optimization of performance will push towards new multi-material and multi-functional solutions.
  Cybersecurity Comments ., Attribute-Based Encryption-ABE), Semantic multi-aspect access and usage control, Security-aware workflow verification & adaptation for inherent compliance, Integration of security protocols with IPR
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Description The multi-sided marketplace will allow Manufacturing Users, Manufacturing Resource providers, Service Providers and Software Developers to cooperate and demand, build, select, and use vf-OS applications
  Periodic Reporting for period 1 - vf-OS (Virtual Factory Open Operating System) Result description The Virtual Factory Platform will be a multi-sided market platform with the aim of creating value by enabling interactions between four customer groups: Software Developers (independent or within
  AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Taxon title AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Taxon description Authentication is a means to assess the authorization rules of an entity by means of a set of instruments. Search keywords Authentication
  Business ecosystem Comments The Open vf-OS Platform, includes a multi-sided application marketplace that aims to become the Apps Store for the manufacturing industry.
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  AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Taxon title AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Search keywords Authentication Comments To ensure secure access, the UPTIME Platform offers appropriate authorization and authentication mechanisms.
  Supply chain and value network efficiency Taxon description Over the next decade, for a wide range of complex products, the holistic optimization of performance will push towards new multi-material and multi-functional solutions.
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  Health Factor for Process Patterns Result title Health Factor for Process Patterns
  Evaluation of open source monitoring tools in the cloud and IoT with focus on authentication and security incidents Result description Additionally, this thesis amplifies on authentication and security incidents and how the administrator could be informed about such an incident.
  Supply chain and value network efficiency Taxon description Over the next decade, for a wide range of complex products, the holistic optimization of performance will push towards new multi-material and multi-functional solutions.