Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy -Alignment Report for Reference Architectural Model for Industrie4.0 / Intelligent Manufacturing System Architecture. Sino-German Industrie4.0 / Intelligent Manufacturing. Standardisation Sub-Working Group
On the right horizontal axis of RAMI 4.0 are the hierarchy levels from IEC 62264, the international standards series for enterprise IT and control systems. These hierarchy levels represent the different functionalities within factories or facilities. The IEC 62264 standard is based upon ANSI/ISA-95. To represent the Industry 4.0 environment, these functionalities have been expanded to include work pieces, labeled 'Product', and the connection to the Internet of Things and services, labeled 'Connected World'. (From https://www.isa.org).