A Security Architecture is a conceptual design that addresses various aspects of security in a system and resulting application, set of applications and components that make up the system. It is being used to support the design, development, implementation and operation of these systems, which can include Manufacturing Platforms. For Digital Manufacturing Platforms it addresses necessities and potential risks identified following potential scenario's or within a specific environment. It tries to present a comprehensive perspective of various security concepts on the conceived OT and IT architecture which includes networks, systems and equipment connected to these networks, the communication protocols and operating systems being used, the application development and operational process and recommends the use of security measures using security controls. Having a Security Architecture also helps both the design and integration process, supports identification of incidents and the security monitoring, speeds up discussions with partners for a level play field and best practices and is generally reproducible. Digital Manufacturing Platforms tend to try to bridge operational systems with information technology, such as the use of analytics, data collection and distribution and visualization that can lead to automated actions by these systems on the basis of unattended and unsupervised decisions and control implementations. To avoid physical harm, collateral damage other safety or cybersecurity issues, having a Security Architecture supporting the Digital Manufacturing Platforms should allow developers and companies at least to consider the various aspects and challenges of security in an organized and comprehensible manner. Architectures can follow standards such as IEC62443, ISO27k or NIST800.16, or any alternative scheme, but that needs to complete towards the digital and operational platforms. 


Associated projects

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Title Ecosystem for Collaborative Manufacturing Processes _ Intra- and Interfactory Integration and Automation
Description COMPOSITION will create a digital automation framework, the COMPOSITION Integrated Information Management System (IIMS) that enhances the manufacturing processes by exploiting existing data, knowledge
  Development and installation fo a WSN physical security system Result title Development and installation fo a WSN physical security system
  Interoperability for M2M & HMI in factory environments I Result description The general reference architecture of a manufacturing plant is given with a brief description of systems that operate at each level.
  Interoperability for M2M & HMI in factory environments II Result description The general reference architecture of a manufacturing plant is given with a brief description of systems that operate at each level.
  Connectors for Inter-factory Interoperability and Logistics II Result comments Common digital platform used for tenders and bidding Cybersecurity The Security Framework together with the Blockchain layer is strongly interlaced with the COMPOSITION ecosystem, providing all the
  Digital manufacturing platforms Taxon title Digital manufacturing platforms Taxon description See https://www.effra.eu/digital-manufacturing-platforms Search keywords Digital manufacturing platforms
  Co-evolution of products-processes-production systems Comments The COMPOSITION Integrated Information Management System will be a digital automation framework that optimises the manufacturing processes by exploiting existing data, knowledge and tools, integrating
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Description The advanced analytics and reconfiguration capabilities to be developed in SAFIRE will be based on mastering the big data challenges associated with manufacturing (sensor and process data), enterprise
  Open Data Use Plan Result title Open Data Use Plan
  Periodic Reporting for period 1 - SAFIRE (Cloud-based Situational Analysis for Factories providing Real-time Reconfiguration Services) Result description use of security, privacy & trust and situational awareness.
  SAFIRE Electrolux pilot: Cloud-driven product optimization Result comments manufacturing systems
  SAFIRE OAS pilot: Optimisation of production processes and preventive maintenance activities Result comments manufacturing systems
  SAFIRE ONA pilot: Adaptive Machining Result comments manufacturing systems
  Digital manufacturing platforms Taxon title Digital manufacturing platforms Taxon description See https://www.effra.eu/digital-manufacturing-platforms Search keywords Digital manufacturing platforms
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Title Collaboration Network for Industry, Manufacturing, Business and Logistics in Europe
Description NIMBLE will give manufacturing SMEs in Europe a stable and sustainable digital ecosystem.
  Platform Architecture Specification and Component Design Result title Platform Architecture Specification and Component Design
  Periodic Reporting for period 1 - NIMBLE (Collaboration Network for Industry, Manufacturing, Business and Logistics in Europe) Result description \n\nNIMBLE will progress the state-of-the-art in the following fields related to web-based collaboration platforms: (1) Architecture: provide a federated business ecosystem based on a ?best-of?
  Semantic Modelling of Manufacturing Collaboration Assets Result comments result_rcn_EC deliverableType_EC Documents, reports Common digital platform used for tenders and bidding
  Product and Service Search Engine and Search Mediator Result comments result_rcn_EC deliverableType_EC Documents, reports Common digital platform used for tenders and bidding
  Interaction with other (commercial) digital platforms Taxon title Interaction with other (commercial) digital platforms Search keywords digital platforms
  AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Taxon description In the case of Digital Manufacturing Platforms it would be the instruments like user name and password, and in addition a second factor such as a physical token or a mobile phone that can authenticate
  Business ecosystem Comments Enable formation of federated platforms for different regions and/or industrial sectors/markets. Digital collaboration marketplace Big tools available through PaaS modality.
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Title Distributed control and simulAtion platform to support an Ecosystem of DigitAL aUtomation developerS
Description on IEC 61499 standard, fostering the creation of a Digital Ecosystem that could go beyond the current limits of manufacturing control systems and propose an ever-growing market of innovative solutions
  Technical and Economic functional architecture of Daedalus Digital Marketplace Result title Technical and Economic functional architecture of Daedalus Digital Marketplace Result description Technical and Economic functional architecture of Daedalus? Digital Marketplace
  Complementors Business Plans Canvases [M18] Result comments result_rcn_EC deliverableType_EC Documents, reports Business model aspects of digital platform deployment
  Off-line Digital Manufacturing Process Optimisation on factory level Taxon title Off-line Digital Manufacturing Process Optimisation on factory level Search keywords Digital Manufacturing
  APIs and Integration Protocols Taxon description Usually certificates and IP-addresses are being used to restrict access to API's, but a more granular approach is advisable from a Security Architecture perspective.
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Description European manufacturing competes in a global knowledge-driven economy, and thus increasingly seeks competitive advantage through quality, agility and personalisation based on latest advances in IT.
  D5.8: Data access API & Reference data store (Final Release) Result title D5.8: Data access API & Reference data store (Final Release)
  Periodic Reporting for period 1 - DIGICOR (Decentralised Agile Coordination Across Supply Chains) Result description to create the specification of the overall architecture to define the tools functional and performance requirements and to define the platforms?
  D6.1: Collaboration rules & procedures specification Result comments Compliance to Rules and regulations Common digital platform used for tenders and bidding Data ownership - data governance
  Increasing human achievements in manufacturing systems Taxon title Increasing human achievements in manufacturing systems Search keywords manufacturing
  AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Taxon description In the case of Digital Manufacturing Platforms it would be the instruments like user name and password, and in addition a second factor such as a physical token or a mobile phone that can authenticate
  Cybersecurity Comments DIGICOR will develop holistic security and governance mechanisms to ensure the access, data transfer and collaborations are protected at the platform level.
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Description Manufacturing industry.
  vfOS - ID4.4a - Security & Data Access(M18) Result title vfOS - ID4.4a - Security & Data Access(M18)
  Periodic Reporting for period 1 - vf-OS (Virtual Factory Open Operating System) Result description Europe should achieve leadership in digital platforms for industry on which value is created (e.g. embedded operating systems, autonomous systems building blocks, cloud platforms, data, security, openness
  vfOS - ID5.1a - Data Infrastructure Middleware(M18) Result comments result_rcn_EC deliverableType_EC Other Data acquisition Data storage Data processing
  Digital manufacturing platforms Taxon title Digital manufacturing platforms Taxon description See https://www.effra.eu/digital-manufacturing-platforms Search keywords Digital manufacturing platforms
  Standards Comments It will consider existing approaches (e.g. encryption), the specific requirements of the manufacturing domain, and the need for data security.
  Cybersecurity Comments It will consider existing approaches (e.g. encryption), the specific requirements of the manufacturing domain, and the need for data security.
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Description Also, a wide range of migration scenarios will be evaluated in the scope of a CPS manufacturing testbed.
  CPS Data Model Architecture - M12 release Result title CPS Data Model Architecture - M12 release
  Periodic Reporting for period 1 - FAR-EDGE (Factory Automation Edge Computing Operating System Reference Implementation) Result description highly innovative techniques for security and trustworthiness of highly distributed industrial systems Establish a globally unique IoT/CPS ecosystem for the manufacturing sector, which will be radically
  FAR-EDGE Volvo Pilot: Mass-Customization Result comments Manufacturing Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers Trucks
  Off-line Digital Manufacturing Process Optimisation on machine level Taxon title Off-line Digital Manufacturing Process Optimisation on machine level Search keywords Digital Manufacturing
  AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Taxon description In the case of Digital Manufacturing Platforms it would be the instruments like user name and password, and in addition a second factor such as a physical token or a mobile phone that can authenticate
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Description rich-media knowledge sharing/management (IC2), self-learning manufacturing workplaces (IC3) and in-situ mobile learning in the production (IC4).
  Data Management Plan Result title Data Management Plan
  Blueprint architecture Result description Blueprint architecture
  Requirements of workers and organisations Result comments result_rcn_EC deliverableType_EC Documents, reports Skills, training, new job profiles Increasing human achievements in manufacturing systems Occupational safety and health
  Digital manufacturing platforms Taxon title Digital manufacturing platforms Taxon description See https://www.effra.eu/digital-manufacturing-platforms Search keywords Digital manufacturing platforms
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Description centers and manufacturing SMEs.
  D3.2a Digital World BEinCPPS components Result title D3.2a Digital World BEinCPPS components
  Periodic Reporting for period 1 - BEinCPPS (Business Experiments in Cyber Physical Production Systems) Result description \n\nBEinCPPS integrates several ICT Open Platforms to offer leading-edge functions and services enabled by a smart & digital factory interconnected at three different levels fields, factory and cloud.
  Rhône-Alpes Champion: The Smart Mold Result comments Closed loop PSS Design (Connected to users data) The Orion Context Broker Generic Enabler OPC-UA Off-line Digital Manufacturing Process Optimisation on machine level Increasing human achievements in
  Off-line Digital Manufacturing Process Optimisation on machine level Taxon title Off-line Digital Manufacturing Process Optimisation on machine level Search keywords Digital Manufacturing
  Cybersecurity Taxon description Security for information and infrastructure related to digital systems 
  Standards Comments Main endorsed standards: OPC UA (factory automation), IEC-61499 (real-time automation), AMQP (messaging), NGSI (publish/subscribe) Main endorsed standards: OPC UA (factory automation), IEC-61499
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Description The Project The main objective of this 3-year project is the development and evaluation of a new generation of sustainable and adaptive workplaces dealing with the evolving requirements of manufacturing
  Modular and Functional Architecture of the A4BLUE platform for adaptive assembly system ? Final Version Result title Modular and Functional Architecture of the A4BLUE platform for adaptive assembly system ? Final Version
  Periodic Reporting for period 1 - A4BLUE (Adaptive Automation in Assembly For BLUE collar workers satisfaction in Evolvable context) Result description Initial prototype supporting collaborative assembly of a latch valve that involves the integration of a manufacturing execution system to collect context variability as well as multimodal human-robot interaction
  Increasing human achievements in manufacturing systems Taxon title Increasing human achievements in manufacturing systems Search keywords manufacturing
  AAA - Access, Authorisation and Authentication Taxon description In the case of Digital Manufacturing Platforms it would be the instruments like user name and password, and in addition a second factor such as a physical token or a mobile phone that can authenticate
  Standards Comments - The Virtual Asset Representation is based on B2MML (Business to Manufacturing Markup Language) (ISA-95 standard - IEC/ISO 62264).

Associated results & demonstrators

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Title Periodic Reporting for period 1 - NIMBLE (Collaboration Network for Industry, Manufacturing, Business and Logistics in Europe)
Description \n\nNIMBLE will progress the state-of-the-art in the following fields related to web-based collaboration platforms: (1) Architecture: provide a federated business ecosystem based on a ?best-of?