Industrial Reference ICT Architectures


First published in 2015 and best known as the IIRA, this standards-based architectural template and methodology enables Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) system architects to design their own systems based on a common framework and concepts.  (See https://www.iiconsortium.org/IIRA.htm)

The International data spaces (IDS) Reference Architecture Model (IDS-RAM) sets the standard for building data-driven ecosystems, products and services. (see https://internationaldataspaces.org/use/reference-architecture/)