General desciption of The next level of circular economy through scalable, highly productive and zero-defect re-manufacturing technologies:
The transition to circular economy on an industrial scale needs to be accelerated by realising the repair, reconditioning and transformation of products into new ones. The first and preferred option is to retain or even upgrade the function and the value of a product or system along its life-cycle and make the circular loop as short as possible, before opting for instance for material recycling routes.
This transition requires the development and deployment of a range of innovative and automated de- and re-manufacturing operations, including the physical collection of products, disassembly, separation and sorting. These operations are shaping a new circular manufacturing and business eco-system, establishing a new economy, creating innovative business cases.
Products need to be (re-)designed for remanufacturing: modular design, design for remanufacturing needs to be reinforced from the beginning. However also the co-existence of actual and future products needs to be supported, requiring for instance mixed model assembly, where the complexity is increasing.
Along the manufacturing/re-manufacturing operations, information about what has happened with products along their extended lifetime needs to be collected. Measurement and inspection approaches need to assure high quality, traceability and compliance with quality standards.