One of the most interesting application of robot machining in Automotive components sector relates to the finishing machining of metal cast part. Part of engine and power train system are made by metal cast part. They normally need to be finished with many operations, like face milling, contouring, chamfering, drilling etc... The demonstration part selected by SIR is an Aluminium cast Brake Caliper. Before being assembled on the disk brake, the cast part goes through 15 different machining operations which comprise various drilling, face milling and chamfering. To really get the advantage of using the robot instead classical CNC machining, SIR has planned a fully automated work cycle in which the robot itself: - Measure the actual tool length and the mechanical devices. - Identify the pose of parts randomly located on a pallet thanks to a mobile vision system. - Grasp parts using a customized gripper. - Re-clamp and align every workpiece with respect to the gripper (calibration), through the use of a touch probe and the vision system itself, in order to correctly orient the part before starting machining. - Execute machining on two different part poses and tools (manual changed). - Control dimensional quality through vision system. A final dimensional and geometrical measurements of parts were performed by a 3+2 d.o.f. CMM. SIR performed an initial economic evaluation in order to understand the industrial potential of the COMET solution. For such a reason a CNC supplier was asked to realized the same work cycle realized within the robot cell. Robot machining cost with robot resulted lower than the CNC reference mainly thanks to the complete process automation. This allows to drastically limit operator intervention (especially part loading/unloading and part re-orientation), and so the labour cost. The complete automation also makes possible to run the machining process without human supervision, significantly increasing the total productivity.
|Comment:||In the COMET project, SIR has been asked to test COMET approach for setting up a robot cell dedicated to machining a typical Automotive component. SIR, based in Modena, has strong connections to many customer active in Automotive sector, Ferrari and its suppliers among the others. The demonstration has been selected in collaboration with one of these companies, interested in robot machining of an automotive component.|
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