General desciption of Circular, connected manufacturing ecosystems:
The new circular economy will need to be underpinned by a innovative business models and servitisation approaches where industrial actors establish solid and sustainable partnerships. This adds an additional dimension to the need for realising resilient value networks, where reusing and remanufacturing of components and resources will be both a key capability in view of achieving open strategic autonomy and environmental sustainability. The value network dimension of circular economy also has a strong logistics component, where the ecological impact of transport will also need to be considered.
The realisation of circular economy requires not only the physical collection, disassembly and re-manufacturing of products and components, it also requires the collection and sharing of product data along complex value networks, including digital product passport and digital twin implementations as well as the connection to data spaces.
Setting up circular manufacturing value networks is a complex process. Decision-making regarding the routes that used products and components need to follow across a circular value network, requires support from digital decision-making solutions and quantitative assessment of sustainability KPIs combined with advanced equipment, including for instance advanced vision systems, scanners, etc.