Periodic Reporting for period 1 - BEinCPPS (Business Experiments in Cyber Physical Production Systems)

"Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are the next generation of engineered system in which computing, communication, and control technologies are tightly integrated (Kim and Kumar, 2012 ). The ?cyber"" part of CPS is used to mainly focus on computing, such as embedded computers...\n\n"Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are the next generation of engineered system in which computing, communication, and control technologies are tightly integrated (Kim and Kumar, 2012 ). The ?cyber"" part of CPS is used to mainly focus on computing, such as embedded computers. However, with CPS covering an increasingly larger spatial area and unprecedented coordination among components within CPS, communication has become indispensable for CPS. The cyber characteristics of CPS are thus now from both its computing and communication subsystems. The ?physical"" part of CPS refers to physical processes through which CPS interacts with its surroundings.

As stated by Alf Isaksson, ABB keynote speech, at the EU CPS Conference last 30th October 2013, manufacturing industry is looking at Cyber Physical Production Systems (CPPS) as the next industrial revolution. Cyber-Physical Production System (CPPS) vision is related to Systems of Physical Objects and corresponding Virtual (Digital) Objects that communicate via omnipresent information networks. However, the development of competitive CPPS manufacturing processes for future factories supported by fast adoption of innovative CPPS solutions (product-service duality) is not immediate. While large industry possess the human, financial and business resources to engage themselves in both CPPS process and product development programmes, SMEs lack both the resources and the technical knowledge and business development skills to do so successfully and timely. Without the required experimentation at multiple levels of CPPS technologies (business-technical), CPPS development and adoption by SMEs will be seriously compromised and the competitiveness of European SMEs will be undermined in the CPS global race.

BEinCPPS Innovation Action aims to integrate and experiment a CPS-oriented Future Internet-based machine-factory-cloud digital platform firstly intensively in five selected Smart Specialization Strategy Vanguard regions (Lombardia in Italy, Euskadi in Spain, Baden Wuertemberg in Germany, Norte in Portugal, Rhone Alpes in France), afterwards extensively in many more European regions, by involving local competence centers and manufacturing SMEs, also via the mechanism of Open Calls. The final aim of this Innovation Action is to dramatically improve the adoption of CPPSs all over Europe by means of the creation, nurturing and flourishing of CPS-driven regional innovation ecosystems, made of competence centers, manufacturing enterprises and IT SMEs

Kim, K. and Kumar, P. (2012). Cyber-physical systems: A perspective at the centennial. Proceedings of the IEEE, 100(13):1287-1308. 1, 7
"\n\nIn Period I (M1-M18) the project has completed its first iteration phases of requirements-development-integration-experimentation of the digital platform, including the following main steps.
The project has started with the identification of the CPSisation scenarios within the five champion pilot applications:
? White Goods industry: Whirlpool Zero Defect Quality Control system,
? Automotive industry: Maier S. Coop Manufacturing for decorative plastic components
? Agricultural Equipment Industry: John Deere Final Tractor Assembly
? Footwear Manufacturing Industry: KYAIA High Speed Shoe Factory automation and control
? Moulds Manufacturer Industry: Pernoud High Precision Moulding.
Afterwards, the technical partners have studied and analysed the IoT, Future Internet and Smart Systems domains in order to select the most suitable components for CPPS experimentation.
The integrated federation of platforms has been developed, integrated and deployed into the five champions' sites.
Finally, the five champion have performed assessment of the experiment results and measured the success and business impact with specific performance indicators. Lessons learned and recommendations for the implementation of CPPSs have been documented. On the basis of the previous analysis, a formal technical assessment of the prototypes as deployed in the champions has been performed with the participation of all the developers and the representatives of the five regional ecosystems, which has lead then to lessons learned and recommendations for future work with specific focus on the BEinCPPS components and tools used in the champions. Beyond Digital Platform and Industrial Experimentation, the third pillar of the project is represented by Regional Manufacturing Digital Innovation Hubs (DIHs) in the domain of CPS/IOT. In this first period and following a methodology developd in the project, the five BEinCPPS regions have started the creation of their DIHs, while other ten more regions have been mentored and coached to develop their business and sustainable plan.\n\nBEinCPPS integrates several ICT Open Platforms to offer leading-edge functions and services enabled by a smart & digital factory interconnected at three different levels fields, factory and cloud.
? Crystal reference platform meets the challenge to establish and push forward an interoperability specification and a reference technology platform as an European standard for filed devices and safety critical development (
? IOT Open platforms developed under the Alliance of Internet of Things Innovation: cloud deployable, able to connect IoT elements (e.g sensors, smart tags, actuators) available across the factory (e.g. manufacturing plant, warehouses) (
? FIWARE for industry provides an enhanced cloud environment plus a rich set of open standard APIs and open source components that enables to the full adoption of Industry 4.0 (
The main impact of BEinCPPS is to impact the full value chain to SMEs and put all the necessary expertise and competencies at the SMEs? disposal to create new innovative CPPS products and applications for the manufacturing domain. This will be achieved thanks to the use of existing ecosystems organized as networking partners, competence partners, industrial advance manufacturing infrastructure partners and platforms partners to act as a gateway to provide end-to-end services to design, engineering and experimentation of innovative CPPS products and applications in manufacturing. The main long-term outcome is the creation of a competitive advantage in terms of a development cost and time reduction and better positioned market offer for European SMEs of their CPPS applications. This should increase both the richness in offer of CPPS applications by European SMEs and the number of CPPS enabled advanced manufacturing processes in Europe.
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